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First name:  Sam

Last name:  Mabe

  • Job:  Deputy editor
  • Media outlet:  The Sowetan
  • Type of media:  print media
  • Born:  South Africa

  • Died:  4 July 1990 South Africa
  • War zone:  yes
  • Targeted? yes

Shot as he drove his car in Soweto.

  • South Africa 1948-94 - Apartheid
  • South Africa was ruled from 1948 to 1994 by the white minority’s National Party, which enforced "apartheid," or racially-based geographical, economic, political and social separation. Officially this meant separate development without any ethnic group exploiting the other but this did not happen and white rule and racial segregation was legalised and enforced. The voting rights of coloureds (mixed race) in Cape Province were reduced in 1956, while blacks continued to have none at all. Non-whites were forcibly removed from areas and violence, repression and imprisonment of opponents was common. More than 600 people were killed in 1976 as police crushed black demonstrations. Black leader Nelson Mandela was freed in 1990 after 27 years in prison, black-white dialogue began and the first non-racial elections were held in 1994. Mandela’s African National Congress Party (ANC) won and he became president.

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