Logo Journalists' Memorial

First name:  Maria Elsa

Last name:  Garreiro Martinez

  • Gender:  Female
  • Job:  Sub-editor
  • Media outlet:  Epoca
  • Type of media:  print media
  • Born:  Uruguay

  • Died:  4 Aug 1979 Argentina
  • War zone:  yes
  • Targeted? yes
  • Impunity: partial

Vanished after being kidnapped.

  • Argentina - 1976-83: National Reorganisation Process
  • Isabel Martínez de Perón was overthrown on 24 March 1976 by the military, who called their regime the "National Reorganisation Process." They ruled until 10 December 1983 and conducted the so-called "Dirty War" of state-sponsored violence against the population and anyone they considered supporters of "terrorists," who were mostly young leftists. Between 10,000 and 30,000 people vanished (and are presumed dead) between 1973 and 1983 and hundreds of children, and babies born in the regime’s secret detention centres, were permanently taken away from their "subversive" parents.

  • Argentina - 1976-83: Repression
  • The media largely went underground during the dictatorship. Opponents "disappeared" — kidnapped, tortured and then "transferred," often meaning they were dumped into the sea, drugged but alive, from planes over the River Plate estuary between Argentina and Uruguay. At least 83 journalists "disappeared" and 15 others were known to have been murdered.

  • Argentina - Operation Condor
  • Operation Condor was a joint campaign of murders in the name of "counter-terrorism" by the secret police of Chile, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay and ’Uruguay in the mid-1970s.

  • Worked as a teacher.
    A Spanish-born Uruguayan.

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