Logo Journalists' Memorial

First name:  Francis William

Last name:  Tomasic

  • Gender:  Male
  • Job:  Translator
  • Media outlet:  Spin
  • Type of media:  print media
  • Born:  1960 United States

  • Died:  1 May 1994 Bosnia-Herzegovina
  • War zone:  yes
  • Targeted? no
  • Impunity: total

Killed when his vehicle ran over a landmine, along with photographer Brian Binton, a freelance working for the agency Magnolia News. Their colleague, William Tanner Vollmann, of Spin magazine, was slightly wounded in the blast, a dozen km north of Mostar (Herzogovina), on the road to the Salakovak dam, in an area of fighting between Bosnian Croats (Croatian Defence Council — HVO) and Bosnian government troops.

  • Bosnia-Herzegovina - Fighting in Mostar
  • The Croat militias, until then allies of the Bosnia-Herzegovina army against the Serbs, attacked Mostar on 9 May 1993 and after fierce fighting captured its western part at the end of the year, chasing out the Bosnian inhabitants. The Croatian parliament and the Bosnia-Herzegovina government set up a Croat-Bosniak Federation in March 1994, ending the fighting between the militias and Bosnia-Herzegovina.

  • Bosnia-Herzegovina - War in Bosnia
  • Bosnia-Herzegovina’s Serb, Croat and Bosniak communities were at war with other between 6 April 1992 and 14 September 1995. Fighting began with the Serb bombing of Sarajevo the day after Bosnia-Herzegovina declared independence from Yugoslavia The Bosnian Serb army eventually seized the main Serb-inhabited towns and areas and conducted "ethnic cleansing." After the July 1995 massacre of more than 8,000 Bosniak refugees by Serbian paramilitaries in Srebrenica, NATO forces attacked the Bosnian Serb militias and the Bosniak and Croat forces regained a large amount of territory. The 14 December 1995 Dayton Agreement signed by President Alija Izetbegović (Bosnia), Franjo Tudjman (Croatia) and Slobodan Milosevic (Serbia) ended the war. Bosnia-Herzegovina became a confederation of the Bozniak-Croat Federation (51% of the territory, 70% of the population) and the Bosnian Serb Republic (49% of the territory and 25% of the population).

  • Bosnia-Herzegovina - Independence
  • Bosnia-Herzegovina declared its independence from Yugoslavia after a referendum in February-March 1992 boycotted by most Bosnian Serbs. Most Serbs wanted to stay in a Yugoslav federation, most Bosniaks favoured independence and the Bosnia Croats wanted to become part of Croatia. Tension increased and war broke out on 6 April when the Serbs bombed Sarajevo.

  • Worked for New York rock magazine Spin.

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